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Babinski, Taylor, Buck,Troemner, Queen and Other Reflex Hammers Compared

by Barbara 19. June 2012 14:17

Question about the types of reflex hammers for neurological testing and how they are used.

Q: "What differs among the various types of percussion hammers used to test reflexes? Why does a doctor need so many? Thanks. Tim."

Answer: From the WIKI, I have abstracted this information about the major types of reflex hammers. Thank you WIKI for your help! I did the best I could, Tim. I was unable to learn why a doctor needs so many hammers.

  • The Taylor reflex hammer or tomahawk reflex hammer was designed by John Madison Taylor in 1888. This is the most commonly used in the USA. The triangular rubber component is attached to a flat metal hammer. The traditional Taylor hammer is significantly lighter weight as compared to heavier European hammers.
  • The Queen Square reflex hammer was designed and named for the now National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery) in Queen Square London. Originally it was made with a bamboo or cane handle averaging 25 to 40 centimetres, attached to a 5 centimetre metal disk with a plastic bumper. Currently, the Queen Square hammer is usually made using plastic molds. This is still the favorite of  neurologists in the UK.
  • The Babinski reflex hammer designed by Joseph Babinski in 1912 looks like the Queen Square hammer except for a metallic handle often detachable. Babinski hammers often are telescoping for easier storage.
  • The Troemner reflex hammer was designed by Ernst Trömner. This percussion hammer looks like a two-headed mallet. The larger mallet is for testing tendon stretch reflexes. The smaller mallet is used to elicit percussion mytonia.
  • The Buck Hammer is a dual mallet-type hammer designed for attaining myotatic and cutaneous responses. The head is outfitted with a large and small mallet made of soft TPR. The chrome-plated brass handle is precisely balanced for increased control of force. An integrated pointed tip is included in the head for pinprick cutaneous reflex testing.
  • Combination Babinski Buck Hammer has a Babinski-Tip, dual-mallet buck percussor, screw-in pointed-tip and retractable brush.
  • Riester Dejerine Reflex Hammer,No Needle 8.26 In.
  • Berliner Percussion Hammer weighs just 3 ounces with a stainless steel handle, is 7.87 inches long and is used for reflex testing.

If you click on the links, you'll be able to get more information about some of the reflex hammers sold by Safe Home Products. We sell percussion hammers by major manufacturers such as Riester, MDF Instruments, Medline and Graham Field Health. These neurological hammers range from the inexpensive to those that are gold plated.

Thank you for your question. I learned a lot as well!



How does a Babinski Hammer work?

by Barbara 22. June 2008 07:00

Question about the product Product Code: = MDF-535 MDF Babinski Hammer.

Q: " How does it work and how do you use it?"- Michelle

Answer: From the MDF website:" The MDF Babinski Hammer is the instrument of choice by neurologists. Named after the French Neurologist, Joseph Francois Babinski, and best known for the "toe phenomenon". This diagnostic instrument is also often referred to as the Rabiner. MDF has modified the hammer to incorporate modern design and functionality for eliciting myotatic and plantar response with less effort and greater patient comfort.

Handle: The weighted chrome-plated brass handle is precisely balanced for increased control of force in the percussion. The sand brushed hexagon handle is also designed with a pointed tip used as an additional stimulus for cutaneous reflexes. Head: The swivel thermo-plastic-rubber head is crowned with chrome-plated brass disc that enables usage of the head in both the perpendicular and parallel positions to the shaft. The flexibility provides greater effectiveness in eliciting myotatic reflex involving ankle, knee, abdomen, forearm, biceps and triceps. "

In other words, this is a reflex hammer, a medical instrument used by physicians to test deep reflexes. Testing for reflexes is an important part of the neurological physical examination in order to detect abnormalities in the central or peripheral nervous system. Reflex hammers can also be used for chest percussion. Go the Wikipedia for lots more information.

Safe Home also sells MDF Taylor 2.0 Neurological Hammers, MDF Queen Square Hammer-Noir Noir Black, MDF Black Buck Neurological Hammers, Riester Berliner Percussion Hammers and other quality reflex hammers by Graham Field, Riester, MDF and Medline.

Thanks again for your question.
Sincerely, Barbara